What is the difference between norms and values and what part does each play in society?
Values refer to intangible qualities or beliefs accepted and endorsed by a given society. Values are different from attitudes, traits, norms, and need. Values have the following characteristics and qualities: values tend to be unobservable, values tend to be conflated with other social and psychological phenomena, values tend to have historical and cultural variability, values express in idealized state of being. For example of modern U.S values have achievement, success, independence, freedom, democracy, scientific discovery progress, comfort, education and ideas of racial sexual religious or gender.
Norms refer to a condition for social between groups and individuals, for the structure of society and the difference between and for human behavior in general.
Values are individual or in some instances, commonly shared conceptions of desirable states of beings.
In contrast norms are generally accepted prescription for or prohibitions against behavior, belief or felling, some aspect both can play in our society it values can be held by an individual therefore norms cannot and must be unhealed by a group.
26% of students have never used alcohol. The majority of respondents think that only 5% of students have never used alcohol.
During this time drunk driving fatalities have declined 36% and among those under 21 the number of fatalities has decreased 63%.
Social Norms and Values
According to an article from USA Today, the media describes teens to be narcissistic unconcerned with any kind of social norms and disrespectful toward their elders. It was soon stated that they are just confused by them.
According to the Resource Center for Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention, most teens don't use drugs but think most other teens do. It is the same with teens being sexually active, practicing safe sex, smoking, drinking and other social issues. Many teens nowadays have inaccurate information of what the social norms in their peer group actually are, they can be sometimes be tempted to make bad decisions under the false impression that they are just going along with the crowd.
The same "USA Today" story that asked whether or not social norms were steadily declining among teens noted that teens would get dressed up nicely to go out to a weekend party, but won't for school. This implies that teens do care about social expectations, but are much more concerned with the expectations of their own peers than with those of teachers or other adults. Teens that get accurate information about the behaviors of their peers become much less likely to experiment inappropriately with drugs, sex or alcohol because they understand that most of their peers aren't doing so either.
Educating teens about their peers' behavior is called "social norming," according to the Resource Center for Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention. While it might be nice if teens paid a little more attention to the opinions of the adults in their lives, it's much more important that they make good decisions for their health and safety.
After reading the news, it is harder to be at ease. The threat of terrorism, growing instability and conflict overseas, a shooting on Parliament Hill last October and uncertainty about the economy diminish our collective feelings of safety and security. To this we add the looming environmental threats of climate change, pollution, declining ocean health, oil spills and extreme weather.
All of it takes a psychological toll, even when we're not directly affected. Studies show that when we feel threatened, we isolate ourselves and focus on restoring our sense of security. Many people attempt to alleviate anxiety by grasping for wealth, seeking pleasure and taking solace in achievement or status. But this strategy backfires. Instead of bolstering our sense of security and well-being, it diminishes it.
Across cultures and regardless of age and gender, people whose values center on social position and accumulation of money and possessions actually face a greater risk of unhappiness, including anxiety, depression and low self-esteem. In his book The High Price of Materialism, psychology professor Tim Kasser shows how materialistic values undermine well-being, perpetuate feelings of insecurity and weaken the ties that bind us as human beings.
People who are materialistic also tend to be less interested in ecological issues, have negative attitudes toward the environment and demonstrate fewer instances of sustainable behavior. That's a tragedy for humanity and the rest of life on Earth.
The good news is that values that support a healthy society and sustainable planet -- self-respect, concern for others, connection with nature, equality -- also make us happiest in the long term. Each one of us is a value prism, subtly bending the light in a particular direction. As Canadians, let's be conscious of where we direct our light.
Guy Stanley Orind
Nerva Seide Jr.