Profiling has been a defense mechanism usually after an act of terrorism or an individual's experience/ beliefs. This mechanism becomes an instrument of paranoia and a scapegoat to a larger fear. 9/11 is a notable example of prejudice against the Islamic community. Due to deviant behavior of a select few, the general public labels the preponderance with the extremist’s formal organization.
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Discrimination in Common Places
Another form of racial profiling is the form of discriminating African-Americans and stopping them while operating a motor vehicle. This controversial term is known as “driving while black.” Profiling is also varies from social class, gender, location, race, age and people you surround yourself with. When the NYPD was able to use Stop & Frisk, African Americans and Hispanics were mostly subjected to the practice.
"When I was a doctoral student, I was stopped by a police officer while I was walking to campus. I asked: What is the problem? The officer responded: We are looking for a robbery suspect. I considered that strange since I was carrying a lot of books under my arm – and in my backpack." - Reynaldo Anderson, Missori
Loss Prevention Loss Prevention (LP) is a set of practices employed by retail companies to preserve profit. Profit preservation is any business activity specifically designed to reduce preventable losses. A preventable loss is any business cost caused by deliberate or inadvertent human actions.
Shopping While Black Consumer Racial Profiling (CRP) or most popularly known as "Shopping While Black" is defined as any type of differential treatment of consumers in the marketplace based on race or ethnicity that constitutes a denial or degradation in the product or service offered to the consumer. In a retail environment, CRP can take many forms, ranging from overt or outright confrontation to very subtle differences in treatment, often manifested in forms of harassment. Outright confrontation includes verbal attacks, such as shouting racial epithets, and physical attacks, such as removing customers from the store. Customer harassment includes slow or rude service, required pre- payment, surveillance, searches of belongings, and neglect, such as refusing to serve African-American customers.
https://www.aclu.org/issues/racial-justice/race-and-criminal-justice/racial-profiling http://www.nyclu.org/issues/racial-justice/stop-and-frisk-practices https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q32NhDy4ZQg https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=8-8Bqj2pSNsC&oi=fnd&pg=PA211&dq=driving+while+black&ots=Yftb8bhfxz&sig=a5FVI6MTka43v5ajDV9WRytEoak#v=onepage&q=driving%20while%20black&f=false http://news.ufl.edu/archive/2005/08/study-shows-shoplifters-more-readily-identified-by-behavior-not-race.html