The Social Contract Concept
A social contract boiled down to its bare essentials is the understatement of the ways people should behave. To elaborate on this, in a social contract there is an agreement or contract made that, with the loss of a portion of each individuals natural rights, will provide the basis for how each individual should act in a society and the consequences for breaking the contract. A social contract will reflect the wills of the people, keep order in a society, provide a sense of security, and prevent conflict. Each areas social contract will be different as a result pf the fact that the people are different and when a new individual enters that society they must quickly learn and adapt to the social contract or suffer the consequences.
According to John Locke humans will emerge from a state of nature, a period in which humans acted with no laws restricting them, because they will see value in forming a social contract(because it will make each individuals life easier) and once enough humans emerge from the state of nature then a society will form. In this society decisions are based off of logical reasoning and what the general public wants.
According to Hobbes philosophy humans will emerge from a state of nature, which Hobbes depicts as a brutish and bleak period, because everyone will have the common goal of ending the conflict between each other(each individually is concerned about their own well being) so they will elect one sovereignty who controls all decision making so no conflict or disagreement arises; the citizens will sacrifice a small amount of there natural rights to the government so the citizens can have a peaceful society.
Social Contract Creation Breakdown
The state of nature is how human beings lived before there was a government. Hobbes describes it as a bleak, brutish, and nasty time with constant conflict
In Hobbes philosophy every human has the common goal of ending conflict because everyone disagrees and is selfish. In Locke's philosophy humans will see value in forming a social contract because it makes their lives easier.
In Hobbes philosophy humans will elect one sovereign ruler with citizens sacrifice of certain natural rights. In Locke's philosophy individuals all work together and create guidelines based off of logical reasoning and public opinions.
Emerging From The State of Nature
Forming a Social Contract
Descion Making in Society
In Hobbes philosophy humans will elect one sovereign leader who will make all the decisions to avoid further conflict; this one leader will make a decision first and then try to awe the people. In Locke's philosophy decisions are made through reason and public opinion so that everyone is satisfied.
In the modern era the social contract, both Hobbes and Locke's versions, are still very much present. For instance in democratic civilizations(such as the U.S.A.) Locke's version of the social contract is present as a result of the fact that democratic civilizations are based off of the value of a social contract by multiple individuals, all seeking to make life easier, and all decision making that occurs involves logical reasoning and the general public's opinion. On the other hand Hobbes version of the social contract is present in autocratic civilization s as a result of the fact that the citizens give away some of their natural rights, being able to make executive decisions, to the government, which is one leader who holds all the power and makes all the decisions therm self, so that the amount of conflict produced from disagreement is produced' the decision making in autocratic civilizations is that the leader makes a descion and then shows the people why it was good.