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Right To Education Act, 2009 - A Reality Check

Huge money spent on education

Over the past 10 years, Rs 2,86,000 cr have been spent on improving school infrastructure and enrolment under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.

The Midday meal programme in government schools cost about Rs 11,000 cr a year.

State governments too spent vast sums (about Rs 2,50,000 cr) on school education every year.

... with appalling outcomes !






% of children in schools


Private Schools

Government Schools


Evidence shows that RTE that was launched to encourage children to study in government schools failed in doing so. Since its launch, enrolment in government schools has  gone down rather than up.



Enrolment increased...but only  in private schools

Deterioration in Quality - the ASER evidence

30% class 8th students couldn't solve such math problems!

53% of kids in 5th standard found it difficult to read similar texts.

Deterioration in Quality - the PISA evidence

In the PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment) survey  in 2009, at the age of 15 when children are tested for language, math, science and logic, India stood 73rd out of 74 nations Shanghai- China, Singapore and Hongkong- China stood first, second and third in that order. Only Kyrgyzstan was ranked lower than India!

Focus of the policy  more on enrolment of students rather than the wholesome education

Children are promoted even if they don't attain class-appropriate learning levels.

A majority of students end up performing poorly in exams requiring logical thinking and conceptual clarity.

Students find it difficult to cope when they are promoted to higher classes

Wrongs in the Right !

The Flawed Existing Model

Norm-based rather than result-oriented

Students have little or no choice in terms of the school they wish to attend

Schools don't have much incentive to improve.

Real Choice &  Competition  - Key to Reforms

True Right to Education

Increased access to school (private & public), irrespective of rich or poor Quality of learning

Prepared by the R & D Unit, FDR