Berta Almansa, Anna Mor,Abril Rovira i Aina Rodríguez . INS Jaume Almera/ 2nC 2017
THE 10 MOST IMPORTANT SPECIES CAUGHT IN ARENYS
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Engraulis encrasicolus
-The fishes of the Engraulidae family are small, in general around 15 centimeters long. The color varies from dark blue to light gray, but normally they have a silver strip on the both sides. -Often they are consumed in water and salt, taking the name of anchovy. -They live near the coast in big groups. -In summer goes up to the north and to the surface;while in winter goes to the depth waters. -It eats plankton. -People buy it fresh, salted, smoked, canned or frozen. -Is fished with the seine fishing tecnique.
PILCHARD OR SARDINE
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sardina pilchardus
-It's from the clupeids family. Its body is generally blue with the sides and the bottom silver. -it lives in coasted zones and is captured and consumed in big lot because it's very rich in nutrients. -Curently is consumed fresh. -It has an extraordinary commercial importance and it is very common in the Mediterranean sea. - Is fished or caught with cobwed.
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Scomber japonicus
-Males can reach 64cm in total length and 2.9kg in weight.. -They are small with big eyes, long body with round section, dark blue stripes, stains and black flanks.Both sides and belly are sparkly silver. -These usually grouped into very numerous fish shoals -A female can lay between 200.000 and 400.000 eggs that break down in a few days. -It is mainly captured with seine gear and with trawls.
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sarda sarda
-The tuna is from the scombridae family, they make shoals near the coast . -They have their body covered of very little scales except on the head and on the pectoral fin. Also, they are so developed. -They are migrators making groups near the surface or in pairs. It's a very predator of fishes like mackerels, sardines... -It can be found in the Mediterranean sea including the Black Sea. -Currently, they are far from the coast and they are captured with fishing techniques like seine, cobwed... -Normally, they are consumed cooked in the oven, with tomatoe sauce or breaded.
MEDITERRANEAN SAND EEL
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gymnammodytes cicerelus
-It is small with a very thin, slightly and cylindrical body. Its head is pointed and it has a blue spot. The back is dark green with silver sides. -They have scales only on the back of their body.. -it lives in sandy areas where it buries. -They make banks in the coast and they eat zooplankton. -People eat this fish breaded.
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Aristeus antennatus.
-They are a type of crustaceans with a characteristic shape. -They have a thin, extended and compressed body. -The used fishing gear is handles. -Generally they are very appreciated gastronomically and they have a big comercial interest. -The pink shrimp is an important ingredient of lots of plats, for example paella, fish zarzuela and fish strew -It lives in the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Trachurus trachurus
-Is from the Carangidae family. -Size: maximum of 60 cm i common between 10-30 cm. -Fusiform body, extended and compresed and they have small scales. -They eat small fishes, crustaceans and squids. -Their habitat are the sandy bottoms. -It can be found around all the Mediteranean sea, in the eastern Atlantic, including the Madeira islands and the Canarias. -Is captured by seine. -It's a delicious fish and specially cooked in the oven.
SCIENTIFIC NAME:Merluccius merluccius.
-Measure between 80 and 130cm of length. They have a long body and compressed. They are brown or black at the superior part. -They live on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, in the Mediterranean, the Pacific Ocean and in the Mexico and Chile seas. -These fishes make two types of migrations: one at the night going to the surface for eat, and one at the day going to the depths. -They are consumed baked, fried or on the grill.
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Mullus barbatus
-The mud mullet is a fish of the Actinopterygii class, of the Perciformes order and of the Mullidae family. This fish lives in the Mediterranean sea, at the east of the north of the Atlantic Ocean from Scandinavia to Senegal and, in the Black sea. -There are 2 species: Mullus barbatus barbatus (Linnaeus, 1758) i Mullus barbatus ponticus (Essipov, 1927). -Mud mullet can be eat in the grill, in the oven with differents condiments or fried.
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pagellus erythrinus
-They are 20 to 40cm long. -Their body have an oval shape with a grey and red colour. They have a small mouth and their eyes are smaller than their mouth. -They live in sandy areas. -They eat fish, molluscs and crustaceans. -People usually eat it fried, baked or grilled. -It is fished with seine at night.