Teaching Complex Thinking
1. Why is it referred to as computational, critical, and complex thinking? 2. Why does creativity play a role in complex thinking? 3. Why is the classroom environment important for teaching complex thinking?
Defining the Wicked Problem
How do educators go beyond the teaching of foundational facts to also emphasize creativity, problem-solving and 21st century skills that are not content specific?
21st century students need to use complex thinking to...
Construct Transfer Collaborate Innovate Communicate
What's inhibiting teaching complex thinking?
The need to 'cover' material to meet standardized goals.
There is no universally accepted definition of complex thinking so it is subjective as to whether or not one is teaching it.
Change is difficult and changing mindsets is ever harder!
Bransford, J.D., Brown, A.L., & Cocking, R.R. (2000). How people learn: Brain, mind, experience and school. National Academies Press. Retrieved from http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?isbn=0309070368. ISTE Standards for Students. (n.d.). Retrieved August 12, 2016, from http://www.iste.org/standards/standards/for-students-2016 Johnson, L., Adams Becker, S., Estrada, V., and Freeman, A. (2015). NMC Horizon Report: 2015 K-12 Edition. Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium. Mishra, P., & Koheler, M. (2008). Teaching Creatively: Teachers as Designers of Technology, Content and Pedagogy. Retrieved August 11, 2016, from https://vimeo.com/39539571 Tharp, R., & Entz, S. (2003). From High Chair to High School: Research-Based Principles for Teaching Complex Thinking. YC Young Children,58(5), 38-44. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/42728979
Based on all responses of 26 respondents to a survey sent to 70 faculty and administrators at an independent school in Western New York.
Based on select responses of 26 respondents to a survey sent to 70 faculty and administrators at an independent school in Western New York.
Research: Complex thinking is...
...creating connections between disciplines and taking ideas beyond the textbook so that material can be applied to another context.
...synthesizing many ideas into a workable understanding.
...multidimensional and includes both action and reflection
...the ability to see a problem from multiple perspectives. It is the ability (and ambition) to seek your own solutions. It is the ability to see connections between content and applications. It is the ability to communicate your thoughts with multiple representations.